Kongsfjord, Spitzbergen, 79° North
Where is the research taking place?
If you click on the map below, you will be taken to google maps where you can zoom in and out to explore the area around the Islands of Spitzbergen.
The largest island is called Svalbard. On this island there is one major town, called Longyearbyen, where many people live and work. There is a university, schools and a busy port, as well as an increasing number of tourist and travel businesses. Longyearbyen is often the start of many arctic adventures for scientists and ordinary travellors alike.
Ny-Ålesund is a small research base located north of Longyearbyen (78° 55´ N, 11° 56´ E) on the west coast of Svalbard, on the edge of a fjord called Kongsfjord. It is run by the Norwegians, Kings Bay AS, but it is an international base consisting of over 11 different nationalities.
What research is being carried out and by whom?
There are two important aspects to these experiments that will be provided as overarching services so that all the scientists can run their experiments knowing that the systems are working well and the correct measurments are being taken. These services are listed below (click on each one to find out more), together with the surnames of the scientists responsible for them:
Here is a brief list of the studies being carried out during the benthic experiments: click on the study to see more detail. The surname of the scientists involved in the study are given in bracket:
Study 1 – Nutrient cycling between the sediment and overlying water (Widdicombe, Middelburg, Tait, Gazeau, van Rijswijk, Pozzato, Laverock)
Study 2 – Background bioturbation and bioirrigation (Widdicombe, Tait, Laverock, Gazeau)
Study 3 – Amphiura bioturbation and bioirrigation (Widdicombe, Wood, Laverock)
Study 4 – Serripes physiology study (Pörtner, Stark, Hirse, Zittier, Gazeau, Martin)
Study 5 – Hyas physiology study (Pörtner, Stark, Hirse, Zitter)
Study 6 – Strongylocentrotus physiology and histology study (Widdicombe, Findlay, Wood)
Study 7 – Pteropod study (Comeau, Gattuso, Pizay)
Study 8 – Brittlestar study (Wood)
Study 9 – Lithothamnion glaciale calcification study (Martin, Gattuso, Pizay)
Study 10 – Echinoderm fertilization study (Wood, Findlay)
Study 11 – Barnacle study: behavioural responses, reproductive output, & secondary production (Findlay)